In Focus

Acts And Rules

1) The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 & Rules, 1987

2) The Consumer Protection Regulation, 2005

3) Supreme Court Rules Relevant To Consumer Protection Act, 1990

4) The Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976
According to Section 39 of the Act - No person shall—
(a) make, manufacture, pack, sell, or cause to be packed or sold; or (b) distribute, deliver, or cause to be distributed or delivered; or (c) offer, expose or possess for sale, any commodity in packaged form to which this Part applies unless such package bears thereon or a label securely attached thereto a definite, plain and conspicuous declaration, as prescribed, of –
(i) the identity of the commodity in the package; (ii) the net quantity, in terms of the standard unit of weight or measure, or the commodity in the package; (iii) where the commodity is packaged or sold by number, the accurate number of the commodity contained in the package; (iv) the Unit sale price of the package; (v) the sale price of the package.”

Section 50 of the Act reads - Whoever uses any weight or measure or makes any numeration otherwise than in accordance with the standards of weight or measure or the standards of numeration, as the case may be, established by or under this Act, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both, and, for the second or subsequent offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years and also with fine.

5) National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission Notification, 2014

6) Consumer Welfare Fund Rules, 1992

7) Bureau Of Indian Standards (Recognition Of Consumers' Associations) Rules, 1991

8) Essential Commodities Act, 1955
The EC Act, 1955 gives powers to control production, supply, distribution etc. of essential commodities for maintaining or increasing supplies and for securing their equitable distribution and availability at fair prices. Using the powers under the Act, various Ministries/Departments of the Central Government have issued Control Orders for regulating production/distribution/quality aspects/movement etc. pertaining to the commodities which are essential and administered by them.

The Essential Commodities Act is being implemented by the State Governments/UT
Administrations by availing of the delegated powers under the Act. The State
Governments/UT Administrations have issued various Control Orders to regulate various
aspects of trading in Essential Commodities such as foodgrains, edible oils, pulses
kerosene, sugar etc. The Central Government regularly monitors the action taken by State Governments/UT Administrations to implement the provisions of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955.